Low back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide with up to 80% of adult’s experiencing low back pain during their lifetime. Most cases of low back pain are due to a multi-dimensional factors and very small percentage (1%) of patients will have serious pathology. There is limited evidence to support individual risk factors as strong predictors of low back pain. However, there is evidence for the presence of muscle weakness and general de-conditioning as one contributor. Subsequently, exercise has been shown to be one of the most effective treatment approaches for low back pain.